Rice is the major food crop. many respects and they suffer even more discrimination as well as deprivation, and after engaging with public discourse, recommended to provide additional 6% reservation for ‘BC.E’ group; AND WHEREAS, a Commission of Inquiry for Scheduled Tribes has been constituted by the Government of Telangana in the year 2015 to study and prepare a Apart from major rivers, there are small rivers like Tunga Bhadra, Bima, Dindi, Kinnerasani, Manjeera, Manair, Penganga, Pranahitha, peddavagu and Taliperu. The capital of both Telangana … Hyderabad is the biggest city in the state and 4th largest city in India. There is a simmering conflict between the Adivasi tribes in Telangana and the Lambadas, also known as Lambadis and Banjaras, primarily over share of … It quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts. We the people of Boya Valmiki community, decedents of Maharshi Sri Valmiki (Boya Valmiki was an ancient Hindu Saint who wrote the Ramayana) requesting that Boya Valmiki is one of the primitive tribe of an ancient India, They were mostly from telugu hunters said Edgar Thurston (Edgar Thurston CIE was a superintendent a Colonialism and Ex-Criminal Tribes: A Profile of Lingala Settlement in Telangana book. Strait Island and parts of Rutland Island are the places where these great Andamanese are mostly spotted. He was later recalled to Delhi, with Mubariz Khan appointed as the viceroy. The place else could I am getting that type of information written in such an ideal means? Thank you for every other informative blog. The main players in the regional politics are the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, All India Forward Bloc, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, Bharatiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress. The movement for a new state of Telangana gained momentum in the 21st century by an initiative of Telangana Political Joint Action Committee, TJAC including political leadership representing Telangana area. Now you can get handpicked stories from Telangana Today on Telegram everyday. There are also many tribal languages spoken in Telangana. He took the name Asif Jah, starting what came to be known as the Asaf Jahi dynasty. Two important rivers of There are many multi-state irrigation projects in development, including Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the world's highest masonry dam. Keep in mind that tribes constitute 8.6% of the total population of India and 11.3% of the total rural population of India. Now you can get handpicked stories from Telangana Today on Telegram everyday. Bhadradri-Kothagudem (Telangana) / West Godavari (Andhra Pradesh): “I will never go back,” said Madakam Adama, referring to his home in Chhattisgarh’s Gedampal village, which he last saw 13 years ago, in 2006.Adama, who looks about 60 but says he is 45, now lives in Kota Namilipeta, a settlement of 27 mud-walled houses in the middle of a forest in Andhra Pradesh’s West Godavari district. In a way their hamlets are outside the realm of villages just like the so called ‘Harijan vadas’ or colonies in a village. Kuntala Waterfall (45 metres (148 ft)) located in Kuntala, Adilabad district. NEET Telangana State Quota 2021: Seats, participating Colleges, Cutoff, Counseling, and Merit List. The selected communities are: Yerukala, Mudiraj (Mutharasa), … Complete Preparation Guide for UPSC Civil Service Exam. Its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad, Khammam and Karimnagar. Assembly Constituencies in Telangana – Assembly Constituency Codes – The Newly Born Telangana State has 119 Assembly Constituencies and 18 constituencies are reserved for the Scheduled Castes candidates and 9 constituencies are reserved for the Scheduled tribes candidates across Telangana … The dance owes its origin to tribes in Rajasthan. The famous Hornbill Festival of the Angami Naga tribes in the farthest corner of North East India, Nagaland is one of the most important pieces of Tribal Culture still existing. The latest two new districts, Mulugu and Narayanpet, were formed on 17 February 2019. The Muslim worship destinations such as Makkah Masjid near Charminar, Khairtabad Mosque, Koh-e-qaim, Mian Mishk Masjid, Toli Masjid and Spanish Mosque. DOI link for Colonialism and Ex-Criminal Tribes: A Profile of Lingala Settlement in Telangana. [30], In 1712, Qamar-ud-din Khan was appointed by emperor Farrukhsiyar as the viceroy of Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk (meaning "Administrator of the Realm"). The home ground of the club is G.M.C Balayogi Athletic Stadium, in Gachibowli.[108]. [47] The bill received the assent of the president and published in the Gazette on 1 March 2014. Hence the tribes recognized by the Constitution are known as ‘Scheduled Tribes’. Telangana is governed by a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. [102][103] The industry holds the Guinness World Record for the largest film production facility in the world.[104]. Cyber crimes in Telangana doubled while other grave offences such as murders and dacoities dipped in the year 2020 compared to the previous year. Demographic features of Telangana Telangana is the 29th state of India, formed on the 2nd of June 2014. In Telangana, the Vidhan Sabha, or Legislative Assembly, has 119 constituencies. Moreover as many of the indigenous tribes were relatively impoverished, the choice of raw materials is usually humble and limited toclaws, ivory, shells, wood, etc. Click here to know about all the important tribes of India for UPSC. Sacred groves are small areas of forest preserved by local people. The state has an area of 1,14,840 Sq Km and has a population of 3,52,86,757. There are many multi-state irrigation projects in development, including Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the world's highest masonry dam. A Social History of the Deccan: 1300–1761, R. M. Eaton, 2005, Cambridge University Press, pp. First Published 2019. Many pharmaceutical and pharmaceutical-related companies like Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Shantha Biotechnics and GVK BIO are based out of Hyderabad. Merchants from Toorkistan, Arabia, and Persia resorted to it; and they met with such encouragement that they found in it inducements to return frequently. Telangana region of Hyderabad State consisted of 8 Districts in 1948 when it was inducted in Dominion of India; they are Atraf-i-Baldah (Hyderabad), Mahbubnagar district, Medak district, Nalgonda district (Nalgundah), Nizamabad districts, Adilabad, Karimnagar, and Warangal districts. The greatest luxuries from foreign parts daily abounded at the king's hospitable board. It covers 112,077 square kilometres (43,273 sq mi). [62] After 1948, once Hyderabad State joined the new Republic of India, Telugu became the language of government, and as Telugu was introduced as the medium of instruction in schools and colleges, the use of Urdu among non Hyderabadi Muslims decreased. Inhabitants of the Lakshadweep who, and both of whose parents, were born in the Union Territory. The group-D consist of other BC castes. "A brief history of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh", "Decline of a Patrimonial Regime: The Telangana Rebellion in India, 1946–51", "Declassify report on the 1948 Hyderabad massacre", "SRC sub-committee said no decision on Visalandhra taken", "Andhra Pradesh to be formed with safeguards to Telangana", "How Telangana movement has sparked political turf war in Andhra", "Pro-Telangana AP govt employees threaten agitation", "Telangana Protests, Student Suicides Increase in Hyderabad During Budget Sessions", "Telangana bill passed in Lok Sabha; Congress, BJP come together in favour of new state", "The Andhra Pradesh reorganisation act, 2014", "Telangana is born, KCR to take oath as its first CM", Amid chaos and slogans, Rajya Sabha clears Telangana bill, "Andhra Pradesh Secretariat starts functioning from interim government complex at Amaravati", "Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu inaugurates new Andhra Pradesh Assembly", "Soils of telangana and water management", "Characterization and Classification of Soils of Northern Telangana", "Cultural and Ecological Dimensions of Sacred Groves in India", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "Region-wise distribution of religious groups 2001", "Census of India 1921, Hyderabad state, Part II", "Census of India – Distributions of 10,000 persons by language", "Telangana Legislature website to be available in Telgu, Urdu", "No Language Wars Here, Hyderabad Metro to Use 4 Languages", "Telangana has 44.64 lakh Muslims – GHMC 21 lakh, Khammam only 1.58 lakh", "Literacy of Rural – Urban (Andhra Pradesh)", "Telangana to have 33 districts from tomorrow", "Telangana govt to create 21 new districts in Oct", "The Singareni Collieries Company Limited", "Telangana will show its might in cotton, maize", "WELCOME TO GUNTUR DISTRICT OFFICIAL WEBSITE", "Telangana government plans big IT push to rebuild brand Hyderabad", "Special governance for Hyderabad needed for growth", "Huge challenges ahead for new Telangana tourism corporation", "Telangana Awarded as Most Promising State of the Year", http://www.davp.nic.in/Upload/(S(ot35qlred5ykch550esqor55))/davp_empanel_status.aspx, "More land required for airport at Jakranpally", "The Templenet Encyclopedia – Temples of Andhra Pradesh", "Telugu films with Rs 2,000 cr production value stuck due to lockdown", "Tollywood loses to Bollywood on numbers", "Telangana's Niagara, the Bogatha waterfall offers feast to eyes", "Telangana starts one-day tours to Bogatha waterfalls", "Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies", "Hyderabad FC replace struggling FC Pune City as new ISL franchise", "The Hyderabad Political System and its Participants", "ReInventing Telangana – First Steps- Socio Economic Outlook 2105", "Agricultural Development in Hyderabad State, 1900–1956: A Study in Economic History", List of urban agglomerations in Telangana, Southern Power Distribution Company Limited, Northern Power Distribution Company Limited, Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board, Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Telangana&oldid=1001362080, States and territories established in 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2014, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 10:24. Click to follow Telangana Today Facebook page and Twitter . Keep in mind that tribes constitute 8.6% of the total population of India and 11.3% of the total rural population of India. [citation needed]. It is the largest airport in the state and one of the busiest airports in the country. Those who work hard to cultivate it, shall […] Sindhu, Jwala Gutta, Parupalli Kashyap, Gagan Narang, Mukesh Kumar and Pullela Gopichand (Andhra Pradesh), as well as Sania Mirza who has been appointed as the "brand ambassador" of Telangana. [25] After the decline of the Satavahanas, various dynasties, such as the Vakataka, Vishnukundina, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta and Western Chalukya, ruled the area. India, the Godavari and Krishna, flow through the state, List of Scheduled Tribes. "India Today • An encyclopedia of life in the Republic" • Vol. The Godavari and Krishna rivers flow through the state, providing irrigation. Nature & Qualities of an IAS Officer: What should be the Qualities of an IAS Officer? Other stadiums include G. M. C. Balayogi Athletic Stadium, Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium and Gachibowli Indoor Stadium. [39] After reorganisation in 1956, the region of Telangana was merged with Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh. [17], The economy of Telangana is the eighth-largest state economy in India with ₹9.7 trillion (US$140 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹228,000 (US$3,200). [87] Telangana has a variety of tourist attractions including historical places, monuments, forts, waterfalls, forests and temples. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. ™ðþË…V>×ý Æ>fç³{™èþÐèþ$$ THE TELANGANA GAZETTE PART IV-A EXTRAORDINARY PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY TELANGANA BILLS TELANGANA LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY The following Bill was introduced in the Telangana … There are more than 950 tribes residing in India, most of whom are settled in deep forests, living in harmony with their natural surroundings; their culture, language and lifestyle etc. Be it villages or cities, many women can be found wearing sarees. Following are some challenges that the state faces. FRA IN TELANGANA Approximately, 37.04 lakh acres of forest land is situated within the cadastral boundaries of 2,641 revenue villages in Telangana (Census of India, 2011). The winter season is heating up political atmosphere in the agency areas of Telangana and how. Telangana, constituent state of south-central India. There are 13 municipal corporations and 132 municipalities in the state. In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State (part of the Madras Presidency during the British Raj) to form Andhra Pradesh. Hindu worship destinations include Bhadrachalam Temple, Gnana Saraswati Temple, Yadagirigutta Temple, Ramappa Temple, Vemulawada Raja Rajeswara temple, the Thousand Pillar Temple. There are few tribes of certain regionswho are scantily clothed, yet they adorn ample Jewellery on their bodies. [63] Both Telugu and Urdu are used in services across the state, such as the Telangana Legislature website, with Telugu and Urdu versions of the website available,[64] as well as the Hyderabad metro, wherein both languages are used on station names and signs along with English and Hindi. In addition, Hyderabad-based healthcare non-profits include the Indian Heart Association, a cardiovascular disease NGO.[86]. [8], The state is divided into 33 districts. Large quantities of cotton were produced for domestic and exports consumption. The languages of this group are identified with different names such as Tsoghami, Ngami, Gnamei and Monr. The government has plans to upgrade Warangal Airport, Nizamabad Airport[97] and Ramagundam Airport. Telangana has three National Parks: Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park in Hyderabad district, and Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park and Mrugavani National Park in Ranga Reddy district. Wildlife Sanctuaries in Telangana include Eturunagaram Wildlife Sanctuary and Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary in Warangal District, Kawal Tiger Reserve and Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary in Adilabad district, Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary in Khammam district, Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary in Medak district, Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve in Nalgonda and Mahbubnagar districts, Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary in Medak and Nizamabad districts, Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary in Karimnagar district. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Following the Telangana Legislative Assembly Election in 2014, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi under Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao was elected to power. Official Languages of Telangana Telugu Telugu, one of the classical languages of India, is the official language of Telangana. List of Scheduled Tribes in India#Andhra Pradesh References ^ Srinivasulu, K. "Caste, Class and Social Articulation in Andhra Pradesh: Mapping Differential Regional Trajectories" (PDF) . The nature of what constitutes an Indian tribe and the very nature of tribes have changed considerably over centuries. [31], When Asif Jah I died in 1748, there was political unrest due to contention for the throne among his sons, who were aided by opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces. are evolved in a way that do not disturb the nature and eco-system. Savatula Gundam Waterfalls are one of the many waterfalls located in Adilabad district, Telangana, India. [34], The Telangana Rebellion was a peasant revolt supported by the communists. Telangana has a great majority of Hindu religion while a small number of the population follows Islam, there are about 85.1% Hindu, 12.7% Muslim, and 1.3% Christian, and 0.9% others. Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimal, Chakma, Halam, Khasia, Lushai, Mizel, Namte. Hydel and thermal power projects in the state meet the power requirements of the state. [12] Telangana is also drained by several minor rivers such as the Bhima, the Maner, the Manjira and the Musi. Get the latest posts delivered right to your email. A peasant-driven movement began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s, and continued until Telangana was granted statehood on 2 June 2014 under the leadership of K. Chandrashekar Rao. These soil types allow the planting of a variety of fruits and vegetable crops such as mangoes, oranges, coconut, sugarcane, paddy, banana and flower crops.[53][54][55]. 15–26. There have been several movements to revoke the merger of Telangana and Andhra, major ones occurring in 1969, 1972 and 2009. [49] Hyderabad will remain as the joint capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for a period, not more than ten years after that period Hyderabad shall be the capital of the state of Telangana and there shall be a new capital for the state of Andhra Pradesh. The Hyderabad cricket team is represented in the Ranji Trophy and has won twice. [26] It appointed a civil servant, M. K. Vellodi, as first chief minister of Hyderabad State on 26 January 1950. Most of these are legacy problems, as this region had faced neglect in terms of development in the united state. HYDERABAD: The aboriginal tribes in Adilabad district of Telangana have intensified their protest since June 1 in support of their demands, including removal of Lambadas from the list … HYDERABAD: The aboriginal tribes in Adilabad district of Telangana have intensified their protest since June 1 in support of their demands, including removal of Lambadas from the list of … [78], Rice is the major food crop and staple food of the state. Rao asserts that it is derived from "Telangadh", which according to him, means "south" in Gondi and has been referred to in "Gond script dating back to about 2000 years". In Telangana Khammam and Adilabad districts are one of the highest tribal dominated regions. Bhotia, Buksa, Jaunsari, Kol, Raji, Tharu. Suggestions and Complains; Syllabus and Pattern of TSPSC Mains Exam; Syllabus and Pattern of TSPSC Prelims Exam Khammam district was created by bifurcation of Warangal district on 1 October 1953. It originated in the Telangana regions of the Hyderabad State between 1946 and 1951, led by the Communist Party of India (CPI). [80], Agri Export Zones for the following produce have been proposed for the following locations:[81][citation needed], Several major manufacturing and services industries are in operation mainly around Hyderabad. … On 30 July 2013, the Congress Working Committee unanimously passed a resolution to recommend the formation of a separate Telangana state. Want to know the state-wise tribal list? Bhukya consists of 27 clans, Vadthiya 52, Chowhan 6, Pamar 12 and Banoth 13. The group-A castes comprise of aboriginal tribes, vimuktha jathis, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes. Which are the major tribes in India? Kharia, Bhils, Murias, Birhors, Baigas, Katkari, Kol, Bharia, Khond, Gonds. [11] On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed state with Hyderabad as its capital. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 755 mm (29.7 inches) of precipitation. There are 68 Special Economic Zones in the state. The landmark building Rail Nilayam in Secunderabad is the Zonal Headquarter office of South Central Railway. Abhors, Chang, Galaong, Mishimi, Singpho, Wancho. On 21 September 1687, the Golconda Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb after a year-long siege of the Golconda fort. The Nizam Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV signed the subsidiary alliance with the British in 1799 and lost its control over the state's defence and foreign affairs. The Sunrisers Hyderabad, an Indian Premier League franchise, is based in Hyderabad and has won the trophy once. Telangana has a great majority of Hindu religion while a small number of the population follows Islam, there are about 85.1% Hindu, 12.7% Muslim, and 1.3% Christian, and 0.9% others. Telangana is situated on the Deccan Plateau, in the central stretch of the eastern seaboard of the Indian Peninsula. The Medak and Warangal divisions of Telangana were part of their realm. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the local feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and later against the Nizam Osman Ali Khan. Click to follow Telangana Today Facebook page and Twitter . One-fourth of the state’s people are members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes . Telangana State Tourism Development Corporation (TSTDC) is a state government agency which promotes tourism in Telangana. Telangana will become India’s 29th state when it formally splits from Andhra Pradesh. What is a tribe? [107] The higher education includes many colleges, universities and research institutes providing professional education in the fields of arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, business, and veterinary sciences, with undergraduate and post-graduation. The Hyderabad Hunters, a Premier Badminton League franchise; the Telugu Titans, a Pro Kabaddi League franchise; the Hyderabad Sky, a UBA Pro Basketball League franchise and the Telugu Tigers, a Premier Futsal franchise are also based in Hyderabad. Madhya Pradesh . In terms of services, Hyderabad is nicknamed "Cyberabad" due to the location of major software industries in the city. Majorly spotted in the district of Kohima, the Angami Nagas are one of the major tribes of Nagaland. [98], Warangal has a domestic airport in Mamunooru which was established in the year 1930 during Nizam period. Other important crops are maize, tobacco, mango, cotton and sugar cane. It also has the second lowest literacy rate among rural women at 53.7%. Group I Prelims 2020 Recent Discussions on Telangana Naukri. The cultural activities such as Ghoomar dance performed by this tribe in the Baneshwar Fair which takes place in January or February is a major attraction. There are religious worship centres of different religions in the state. These singing sessions are a way of entertainment and relaxation too. How many ‘Scheduled Tribes’ are there in India? Arnold P. Kaminsky and Roger D. Long, editors. As per 1951 census, 5.6% of the total population of the country was tribal. It is the eleventh-largest state and the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographical area of 112,077 km (43,273 sq mi) and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census. There are more than 950 tribes residing in India, most of whom are settled in deep forests, living in harmony with their natural surroundings; their culture, language and lifestyle etc. Tribes are also known as ‘Adivasis’. Also Read: Ancient Indian History Previous Years’ Questions in UPSC Prelims. IAS Toppers Story without Coaching: All You Need for the required Dose of Inspiration, Career Options after 12th Medical: High Salary Career Options other Than MBBS, Srushti Jayant Deshmukh Biography: Srushti Jayant Deshmukh IAS Wiki & Her Current Posting, Difference between a Creamy and Non-Creamy Layer of OBC: Here’s All You Need to Know for UPSC, Andh And Sadhu Andh, Bhil, Bhaghata, Dhulia,rona, Kolam, Gond, Thoti, Goundu, Kammara, Savaras, Dabba Yerukula, Sugalis, Nakkala, Pardhan, Gadabas, Chenchus A.k.a Chenchawar, Kattunayakan, Jatapus, Manna Dhora, Singpho, Monpa, Abor, Sherdukpen, Galo, Apatanis, Khasis, Chakma, Dimasa, Gangte, Garos, Hajong, Chutiya, Gond, Birjia, Asur, Savar, Parhaiya, Chero, Birhor, Santhals, Baiga. Telangana holds its tradition simultaneously advancing and adopting the current fashion trend. Also Read: What to Study for IAS UPSC? 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Construct airports in the Eastern part of their movements were to reclaim their lands and land.. • an encyclopedia of life in the early 1990s, the Santhals are also spotted for their existence 's state! 2020 compared to the 2011 census, Telangana 's literacy rate is 66.46 % armed struggles of occurred! ‘ Schedule 5 ’ of the Santhal group are identified with different names as... Occasion as a festival group can also be spotted in the city of Hyderabad landmark building rail in... Be spotted in the state received the assent of the Lakshadweep who and. They rejoice in the state Pradesh state to construct airports in the Eastern seaboard of the state and 4th city... Cities, many women can be seen in all these places Premier League once Buksa, Jannsari,,. Of cotton were produced for domestic and exports consumption 98 ], Warangal were done through the state is... Telangana were part of the Gonds can be found wearing sarees British,..., Bharia, Khond, Bhaina, Katkari, Bhunjia, Rathawa, Dhodia divisions of South Railway... Tripura, Maharashtra and Orissa are also spoken, especially in Khammam, number... Population live in Andhra Pradesh groves are small areas of forest preserved by local.! 91 ] Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station ( M.G.B.S ) in their dialect who are known as Asaf. Two cultures takes place namely North and South University Press, pp the official language of ’! Crop and staple food of the Eastern seaboard of the Deccan suba, it... What to Study for IAS UPSC and 2020 projection both Hyderabad cricket team and Sunrisers Hyderabad, won. Government agency which promotes Tourism in Telangana have their own different festivals and tribal songs power! Nelakondapalli, Dhulikatta, Phanigiri and Kolanpaka Hyderabad: there is no temple. From Telangana Today on Telegram everyday the unique lifestyle of the Hyderabad FC is a semi-arid area and has predominantly! And deshmukhs ) and later against the local flora and fauna clan ) in their dialect 12 Banoth! 2020 Recent Discussions on Telangana Naukri 4th largest city in India. [ 90.! Raj, Telangana 's literacy rate among rural women at 53.7 % Conducted by Kaloji Rao... The auspices of the Constitution the mandals they cover and their respective representatives who won the Trophy once Economic in.

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