Christian and Buddhism with 0.72% and 0.31%. Christians, Buddhists and others form a minuscule part of the population. [158], The literacy rate is 77.08%, higher than the national rate of 74.04%. [196] Common spices found in a Bengali kitchen include cumin, ajmoda (radhuni), bay leaf, mustard, ginger, green chillies and turmeric. In the 1960s, when refugees were rehabilitated in Mohammadpur and Mirpur, most of them were non-Bengali refugees and Bengali refugees from West Bengal were few and far between. Coronavirus Data and Insights. [219] Visva-Bharati University at Santiniketan is a central university and an institution of national importance. Bengalis make distinctive sweetmeats from milk products, including Rôshogolla, Chômchôm, Kalojam and several kinds of sondesh. Migratory birds come to the state during the winter. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in West Bengal with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. These are probably descendants of Bangal migrants from the east. [106] Each district is subdivided into sub-divisions, governed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate, and again into blocks. New Delhi: A number of union ministers and BJP leaders, led by home minister Amit Shah, have hit the ground in West Bengal as part of the party’s campaign plan for the assembly elections next year. [202], Durga Puja is the biggest, most popular and widely celebrated festival in West Bengal. [119] Important manufacturing industries include: engineering products, electronics, electrical equipment, cables, steel, leather, textiles, jewellery, frigates, automobiles, railway coaches and wagons. People in the state have often stood up to authoritarian governments. [129] West Bengal has been able to attract 2% of the foreign direct investment in the last decade.[130]. [83], West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. TMC strategists later warned Mamata about the risk of alienating Bengal’s 15 million non-Bengali Hindu population. The density of West Bengal state in the current decade is 2664 per sq mile. Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. The North 24 paraganas is the largest district and Dakshin Dinajpur is the smallest by Population. Infiltration from Bangladesh and non-existence of family planning are the two important reasons which are resulting in the growth of the Muslim population in the state of West Bengal. The western part went to the Dominion of India and was named West Bengal. As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts. Beginning in the mid-2000s, armed activists conducted minor terrorist attacks in some parts of the state. [193], Rice and fish are traditional favourite foods, leading to a saying in Bengali, "machhe bhate bangali", that translates as "fish and rice make a Bengali". [35] After a period of anarchy,[36]:36 the Pala dynasty ruled the region for four hundred years beginning in the 8th century. [26] According to the Indian epic Mahabharata the region was part of the Vanga Kingdom. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). Kolkata district is bordered by the North 24 Parganas district on the north and on the east, South 24 Parganas district on the south. [204] On Vijayadashami, the last day of the festival, the effigies are paraded through the streets with riotous pageantry before being dumped into the rivers. In Bengal, 71% of women aged 15–49 years and 81% of men aged 15–49 years are literate. It is celebrated with much fanfare in Kolkata as well as in rural Bengal. And Shaheen Bagh, the recent election in Bihar and the ongoing farmers’ movement have also demonstrated that it is possible … Janet Levy in her article has presented several facts in favor of this claim, she wrote that “At the time of Partition, the population of Muslims in West Bengal, which was part of India, was slightly more than 12% whereas Hindus in East Bengal who went to Pakistan Today the population of Muslims in West Bengal has increased to 27 percent, in some districts it has gone up to 63 percent, while on the … Rice, potato, jute, sugarcane and wheat are the state's top five crops. [140], Several government-owned organisations operate bus services in the state, including: the Calcutta State Transport Corporation, the North Bengal State Transport Corporation, the South Bengal State Transport Corporation, the West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation and the Calcutta Tramways Company. [90] Part of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans in southern West Bengal. [141] There are also private bus companies. The state shares its borders with Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Bihar and Sikkim.The capital city is Kolkata and it is ever vibrant. [94] The predominant commercial tree species is Shorea robusta, commonly known as the sal tree. [117] Agriculture is the leading economic sector in West Bengal. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India. That no could be a yes soon. [136], Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum, Kolkata, is the state's largest airport. “Of the 10 parliamentary seats where the non-Bengali population forms 30-40 percent, the TMC lost 6 seats,” says Kolkata-based political analyst and psephologist Biswanath Chakraborty. [118]:20 Kolkata is the headquarters of three zones of the Indian Railways—Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway and the Kolkata Metro, which is the newly formed 17th zone of the Indian Railways. In 2001, 80,221,171 people lived in West Bengal. Both Assam and Bengal go to polls during the summer of 2021. [62] Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. Abanindranath Tagore, called the father of modern Indian art, started the Bengal School of Art, one of whose goals was to promote the development of styles of art outside the European realist tradition that had been taught in art colleges under the British colonial administration. [167], The Bengali language boasts a rich literary heritage it shares with neighbouring Bangladesh. [80], The main river in West Bengal is the Ganges, which divides into two branches. 4) Some groups are very distinct. 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