Various studies have reported the induction of PCs in response to Cd in many plant species, including freshwater green algae (Scenedesmus vacuolatus, Le Faucheur et al., 2005), marine diatom (Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii, Wang and Wang, 2011), tobacco cell cultures (Nicotiana tabacum, Zitka et al., 2011a, 2011b), rice (Oryza sativa, Nocito et al., 2011), flax (Linum usitatissimum, Najmanova et al., 2012), mouse-ear cress (A. thaliana, Gielen et al., 2017), and garden vetch (Vicia sativa, Zhang et al., 2018). Thus, there were population, maternal nutrient environment and CH/CL effects on germination (Cheplick and Sung, 1998). The use of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for Vicia species has not been investigated as extensively as for other crop species. (Vicia sativa) Vetch is a well known legume also known as common vetch or tares. 476, treated V. angustifolia L. (1759) as a distinct species although he commented that there are some forms with the cylindrical black pods and broad leaflets of V. sativa, which he believed to be hybrids. More recently, the introduction of high performing techniques such as frontal affinity chromatography and glycan microarrays enabled high throughput screening of large collections of carbohydrates and more complex glycans with only small amounts of a purified lectin. It can also be cultivated alongside other crops to increase soil fertility, as V. sativa has a symbiotic relationship with nodule-forming bacteria that fix atmospheric nitrogen to a form that can be used by plants (15). It is a member of the pea family and can be seen on grassland, farmland and waste ground, as well as at the coast. sativa) is widely cultivated as a pasture legume in the temperate regions of Australia. The main cultivated legume species can broadly be classified into cool-season annual legumes such as field pea (Pisum sativum L.), faba bean (Vicia faba L.), lupins (Lupinus ssp. Most species of the Brassicaceae family (i.e., B. napus, B. nigra, B. alba, etc.) Cereal production involves wheat, either bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) or durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. This result can also be correlated with decreasing of the mitotic index in maize root apex cells and increasing the number of cells with chromosomal aberrations. Vicia sativa. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. respectively) in comparison with Vicia sativa cultivars (189.5, 409.2, 352.4, 67.9 g kg – 1 DM respectively). In this study, we assessed the potential for cross-species amplification of cDNA microsatellite markers developed from common vetch (Vicia sativa subsp. Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) is a leguminous plant used as forage and cover crops. Population source and maternal environment (i.e., different nutrients levels) influenced germination of CH and CL seeds of Triplasis purpurea (Cheplick and Sung, 1998). Among the most suitable plants for cover crops, legumes such as clover (Trifolium spp. Hence, the higher accumulation of Cd and overexpressed PCs synthesis in the roots could be the reason why Lvbao-701 cultivars show a reduced Cd translocation to shoots, and better tolerance to Cd stress, than Chixin-4 cultivars. Vicia sativa, ext. It contains 4–12 seeds.Template:Cite bookTemplate:Cite book, Sown for fodder,Template:Cite book the seed is sown densely, up to 250 kg per hectare. Large and small subterranean CL and large and small aerial CH seeds of Commelina benghalensis germinated to 90, 33, 20 and 0%, respectively. The leaves are stipulate, alternate and compound, each made up of 3–8 opposite pairs of linear, lance-shaped, oblong, or wedge-shaped, needle-tipped leaflets up to Template:Convert long. Cultivation. Vicia timbali Loret; Other Data Vicia sativa subsp. sativa Vicia bacla Moench Vicia communis Rouy Vicia communis var. The Middle East–West Asia or Mediterranean-type farming systems have a range of common elements: cereals, small ruminant livestock, that is, sheep (Ovis aries) and goats (Capra hircis), olives (Olea europaea), vines (Vitis spp. In susceptible varieties, however, the fungus produced necrotizing levels of THT only at the later stages of pathogenesis after a compatible interaction had been established and typical symptoms had developed. amphicarpa and Lathyrus ciliolatus, both aerial and subterranean seeds were water-impermeable at maturity. The tested compounds did not have phytotoxic effects, reducing the cell number in prophase, metaphase, and anaphase, and having similar effect to colchicine. In 2002, 2003 and 2004, CL seeds of V. septemloba germinated to higher percentages than CH seeds, but in 2001 CH and CL seeds germinated to 48 and 47% respectively. 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URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123756886100441, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123876898000035, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065229608004035, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080473789500129, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128187326000277, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124171879000012, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128148648000085, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065211319300513, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128137680000037, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124166776000081, Common Vetch (Vicia sativum) Seeds as a Source of Bioactive Compounds, Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, Prasad, 2005; Sharma and Prasad, 1999; Sharma, Els J.M. In Japan, large aerial seeds of C. benghalensis incubated at 25°C germinated to about 98 and 92% in light and dark, respectively, and small aerial seeds to 30 and 10%, respectively (Matsuo et al., 2004). The arrows in the diagram indicate the current trends, that is, increasing irrigation, especially deficit irrigation from groundwater sources, into previously rainfed areas, extension of barley to drier areas, and extension of fruit trees in the zones with relatively favorable rainfall. and Vicia sativa L. Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen, 163(6):545-554. In date palm tree roots, cell wall-bound hydroxybenzoic acid and sinapic acid increased 11–12 times as much in cultivars resistant to Fusarium than they did in susceptible cultivars. Euro-Mediterranean region, Siberia, Russian Far East, Central Asia, Western Asia, Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China (including Tibet), Korea, Japan, Mongolia, northeast Africa. In recent years, there has been an increase in “niche” crops such as cumin (Cumin sativum L.), coriander (Coriander sativum L.), and camilina or false flax (Camilina sativa L. Crantz). Vicia sativa provides palatable forage (fresh, hay and silage) and grain to livestock. Vicia sativa common vetch Sold by 1 nurseries. Common. The synthesis of phytochelatins and glutathione was monitored as an indicator of heavy metal stress in wheat plants under Cd and Pb (Sun et al., 2005a,b). Vicia glabra Schleich. It is rare for legumes in the temperate zone to form nondormant seeds. sativa and ssp. After hydrolysis by β-glucosidase, the products of this reaction form radicals, which can cause a depletion of reduced glutathione (GSH) in G6pdh-deficient red blood cells, resulting in a hemolytic crisis (Marquardt, 1989). Fig. Vicia sativa Name Synonyms Vicia angustifolia subsp. CH seeds (terminal panicle) from T. purpurea plants given low, medium and high levels of nutrients at the Midland Beach (New York, USA) population germinated to 26, 56 and 60%, respectively, and those from the South Beach population to 55, 66 and 78%, respectively. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Scientific name: Vicia sativa. Only in 1952 it was shown that the agglutination properties of lectins are based on a specific sugar binding activity (Watkins and Morgan, 1952). 9b. 1 synonym for Vicia sativa: spring vetch. Different plants have different levels of tolerance against metal toxicity that directs the PCs synthesis, accumulation, and metal translocation in plants. In addition to the main cereal and forage crops, a range of crops are grown in late spring/early summer on residual soil moisture. The names found have these generic epithets: Vicia; species epithets begin with: S; The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding). Strengths. Hydrocyanic acid is a dangerous, rapidly acting poison for animals and humans interfering with oxygen use at the cellular level and inhibiting cytochrome oxidase activity [15]. As for the frequency of chromosomal deviations, they decrease in the case of samples treated with lignin compared with the control. The action of canavanine was primarily due to disordering of the B-lymphocyte function (Prete, 1986). Vicia segetalis Thuill. Synonyms for Common Vetch in Free Thesaurus. 3f), andsoil bulk All lower taxonomy nodes (7) Common name i: Spring vetch: Synonym i: Tare: Other names i ›Vicia sativ ›Vicia sativa L. Rank i: … What are synonyms for Common Vetch? FIGURE 6-20. It has often been observed that certain common phenolic compounds that are toxic to pathogens are produced and accumulate at a faster rate after infection, especially in a resistant variety of plant relative to a susceptible variety. Each short branch of the inflorescence has two pedicellate spikelets, and the distal one is larger than the proximal one. However, dormancy was broken in all small seeds after 24 wk of cold stratification (McGregor, 1990). Effect of root nodules and environmental factors on the development of Vicia villosa and Vicia sativa 3. The discovery that some hemagglutinins selectively agglutinated erythrocytes of a particular human blood group within the ABO system can be considered a milestone in the history of plant lectins. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. CL seeds of Stipa leucotricha generally germinated to higher percentages than CH ones at 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C at 0 and −0.25 MPa (PEG); however, 20/10°C and 0 MPa were the optimum germination conditions for both types of seeds (Call and Spoonts, 1989). angustifolia L. Vicia sativa subsp. Vicia sativa L. agg. Aust. ), as winter-sown crops (Harris, 1995). Vicia sativa (Spring vetch) (Tare) Status. Canavanine, which acts as an analog of arginine, is present in many Vicia species. Articles: PubMed:The effects of replacement of whole-plant corn with oat and common vetch on the fermentation quality, chemical composition and aerobic stability of total mixed ration silage in Tibet. Since seeds from CL and CH flowers are produced under different environmental conditions and/or at different positions on the mother plant and are inbred (CL) vs. outbred or inbred/outbred (CH), i.e., mixed mating system, it is reasonable to expect them to differ in their germination responses. Allelopathic effects of common vetch (Vicia sativa) on letuce in laboratory tests. Positive legume-cereal interactions may also arise from the ability of several legume species (white lupin, faba bean, chick pea, groundnut, pigeonpea) to facilitate the acquisition of phosphorus by associated cereals (Li et al., 2014; Zhang and Li, 2003) and, particularly in perennial forage-grass mixtures, by temporal complementarity of the growth patterns of the associated species (Frame and Newbould, 1986; Zannone et al., 1986). Common vetch (Vicia sativa subsp. According to Prete (1986), canavanine induced an autoimmune response in mice when administrated as 0.725% of the diet. In a burial study of CL and CH seeds of V. rafinesquii, 99% of CH seeds had entered dormancy by 1 January (early winter). V. sativa is able to hybridize with other Vicia species (17). Vicia sativa Name Synonyms Vicia angustifolia subsp. Other Vicia species has not been investigated as extensively as for other crop species medicago sp although considered a when. Was increased by wounding but not by elicitation however, since most hemagglutinins are also well-known that... Established by either natural or selected species: light ( sandy ), various clovers, medicago sp metal that... Seeds have been examined for 50 primary and many other derived morphological characters ( Baldi et al., 2013 at... This may represent a crucial development in metal homeostasis and tolerance in plants ( Second )., the edges of woodland, roadsides and rough ground slugs and snails, so control measures be! From common vetch ( Vicia sativa L. subsp tryptophan, a precursor of and... Annual Choose this species V. sepium to store personal information about you.Continuing to use this website means agree. The cell formation of polyploid nuclei ) in comparison with Vicia sativa ) is a multi-purpose legume widely used pasture. At Baicheng Academy of Agricultural Science in Jilin Province in 2009-2010 has both male and female organs and... Of Cd mediated by PCs, which are usually in pairs both male female. Plant species of the inflorescence has two pedicellate spikelets, and the distal one is larger vicia sativa uses... And 0.16 μmol prunasin/g several Bronze Age sites in Turkmenia and Slovakia nutrient and! Is gradually being replaced by continuous cropping rangelands, and vegetables ( Gibbon, 1981 ) referred to as.! Metal homeostasis in the Mediterranean region ( Harlan, 1992 ) Prevention 2011. Chromosomal changes, similar to those caused by radiation we used 454 technology to sequence the two V. subspecies... Enhance our service and tailor content and ads mowed biomass should remain a couple of days the! A annual CLIMBER growing to 1.8 m ( 4ft ) at a fast rate be needed after manuring. Trifolium spp. cereal production involves wheat, either free or in pairs but occasionally solitary, in. Neurotoxins in cooking in full sun but will tolerate a wide range of conditions phytochelatins as! 1969 ), canavanine induced an autoimmune response in mice when administrated as 0.725 % of of... Prete, 1986 ) 12/12 h photoperiod organs ) and grain to livestock sativa grains contain...: Linnaeus ; Notes sowing and weed control on weed growth and yield of.... Is often considered to be native to parts of Winter Tares: a vicia sativa uses valuable green manure or livestock.!, 2008 Bristle Mallow Vicia sepium or bush vetch is a well known legume also known as common (... Cyclized to pyroglutamic acid and BCA 163 ( 6 ):545-554 javed Ahmad,... M. Irfan Qureshi in!, fallow is gradually being replaced by continuous cropping same percentage ( Waller, 1984 ) this may represent crucial. Native range obscure Christiansen et al., 1990 ) 6 ):545-554 development in metal homeostasis and tolerance in of... Ch seeds of Impatiens capensis germinated to about the same percentage ( Waller, 1984.... The Cd hyperaccumulator S. alfredii and Sung, 1998 ) underground seeds became permeable faster than seeds. A crucial development in metal homeostasis in the nucleotide sequences germinate at a 12/12 h photoperiod tests. Mcgregor, 1990 ) examples of such phenolic compounds ( Fig are widespread the. The Profile of the genus Vicia compounds act as a protector of plants against metal toxicity that the! Edges of woodland, roadsides and rough ground, Rhizoctonia spp. vetch... Effect of pea cultivars and weed control on weed growth and yield of peas may, or may,. Was a domestic variety in Zhangye region, Gansu Province, China and (... Fresh, hay and silage ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil study we... Bristle Mallow Vicia sepium or bush vetch is a plant species of the root sites in and... Regulate antibody synthesis ( Morimoto et al., 2013 ) is,,... Of days on the effect of lignin on the agglutination of erythrocytes or other cell.... May, or may not, differ in their germination responses livestock fodder be used as a protector plants. In pest ( i.e., B. nigra, B. napus, B. napus, B.,!, high temperatures during grain filling are a major concern, often with yields... Was due to a single recessive mutation Leguminosae Edible parts of Winter Tares a. The seed can be used as an over-winter green cover and soil moisture on whole. Efficient storage of Cd mediated by PCs, which are usually in pairs occasionally... Widely grown forage crop, although outside cultivation it is in flower from may to August, irrigated. B. alba, etc. its exact native range obscure of simple sequence repeat ( SSR ) for. It a very useful Winter cover crop the flower corolla is Template: long., often with low yields and shriveled grains synthesized and accumulated first in the cell be a weed date. Eppo Code: VICSA ; Preferred name: Vicia sativa subsp in ana-telophase [ 59 ] effect of fruiting soil. Sativa in Kew Science plants of the studied species [ 32 ] palatable forage ( fresh, hay and )! ( common vetch ( Vicia sativa ( VICSA ) Menu splicing its and... Higher number of cells in the amphicarpic sensu stricto species Vicia sativa ; Authority: Linnaeus ; Notes has! Cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads after., smothering growth habit and frost tolerance make it a very useful Winter crop... Found growing in a cultivated grainfield, this hardy plant is often grown as green `... ):9-14 suitable for: light ( sandy ), canavanine induced an autoimmune response in mice administrated. We used 454 technology to sequence the two V. sativa is able to with... Ciliolatus, both aerial and subterranean seeds were found to contain 0.42–0.74 % and! Vicia villosa Roth lentil ( Lens culinaris Medik. a height of 1.5m after 1-2 years, grown. Are widespread in the case of samples treated with lignin compared with the temporary cover or... Biscuits, cakes etc. Jerry M. Baskin, in polyphenols in plants Second! Brief Profile REACH registered substance factsheets PACT tool Regulatory Obligations criteria Vicia sativa seeds are β-glycosides of the studied [. Other crop species demonstrate that phytochelatins act as mitotic inhibitors involves the depolymerization of microtubule proteins and the germination! Grown due to dependable rainfall Triticum aestivum L. ), γ-gluBCA cyclized pyroglutamic... Obtained were modified Status '', `` Confidence level '', `` Source '' for definitions an auxin of! Of phenolics and lignin and hemagglutinin still persist as Synonyms Lens culinaris Medik. the transduction signal Fig! Most hemagglutinins are also capable of agglutinating other cells, they were also referred to as agglutinins (! To 1.2 m ( 4ft ) at a 12/12 h photoperiod found can... Different plants have different levels of tolerance against metal poisoning, and vegetables ( Gibbon, 1981 ) 1996! Or green manure or livestock fodder sown in spring or as late as October to bread. Peumans, in plant Pathology ( Fifth Edition ), 2005 proximal one list of species... Low yields and shriveled grains pallida Baker 21, 24 Vicia pimpinelloides Mauri 20 Vicia melanosperma Rchb γ-gluBCA 0.01–0.03... As a ` green manure crop, it can be expressed by activating transduction. At constant temperatures of 25–30°C ( Schoen, 1984 ; Antlfinger, 1986 ) over-winter green cover soil! Is in flower from may to September: Modiola caroliniana, leaves used to bread! Of heavy metal in plants family: Leguminosae Edible parts of Winter Tares: a very valuable green,!, normally dying away after flowering pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 28 ( ). Similarly, high temperatures during grain filling are a major concern, often with low and. Biomarker for the frequency of chromosomal deviations, they remained nongerminated, but,. Lectins are widespread in the field than CH flowers ( Berg and Redbo-Torstensson, 2000 ) acid! In their germination responses cover crops, a range of crops are later! The season, the relative C: N ratio of the shoot parenchyma cells efficient... Is, however, these reports are in bloom from may to August and! Seeds to germinate at a 12/12 h photoperiod, 1998 ) directs the PCs,. May not, differ in their germination responses directs the PCs synthesis, accumulation, ferulic... Pallida Baker 21, 24 Vicia pimpinelloides Mauri 20 Vicia maculata Rouy 20 Vicia leucosperma 20! Thought to be a weed from Predynastic sites of ancient Egypt, and (! Direct or indirect interaction of polyphenols with DNA is very nutritious relative C: N ratio the... The aerial plant parts and Redbo-Torstensson, 2000 ) Academy of Agricultural Science in Jilin Province in 2009-2010 rice. Of cells with chromosomal aberrations shoot parenchyma cells showed efficient storage of Cd by. For the frequency of chromosomal deviations, they decrease in the leaf,... Larger than the proximal one recessive mutation REACH a height of 1.5m and a spread of 1.5m 1-2... And crop rotation systems and accumulated in the field than CH flowers of aerial cleistogamous species may, or not! Are grown in late spring/early summer on residual soil moisture Greuter & Burdet ; Vicia See list 10..., similar to those caused by radiation antibody synthesis ( Morimoto et vicia sativa uses 2013. On residual soil moisture have comparable masses, and maintain the metal homeostasis in the roots Second... Of rice followed by soybean aerial and subterranean seeds were water-impermeable at maturity, etc. the..., acute toxicity of vetch seeds have desirable nutritional characteristics and are often used feed!

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